Lam holds a PhD in Chemical Engineering from Cambridge University, and is a Full Professor at Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), currently the Deputy Director of International Centre under the Office of Deputy Vice Chancellor, and a Core Member of Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries (AKUATROP), accredited as the Higher Institution Centre of Excellence (HICoE) for Future Food: Sustainable Shellfish Aquaculture by Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia. He leads a research group working mainly on Chemical and Environmental Engineering, focusing on Waste and Biomass Valorization/Utilization, Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Green Technology, and Pollution Detection/Mitigation. Lam is active in research on the application of pyrolysis and microwave heating in transforming waste and biomass into green energy and products applicable to industry and environmental protection. He has published over 370 papers, some of which are published in journals such as one published in Lancet, two published in Nature, 8 published in Science, one published in Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 14 published in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29 currently ranked as Web of Science ESI Highly Cited Papers (Top 1%) and 3 as ESI Hot paper (Top 0.1%), receiving a H-index of 60 and over 11624 citations in Google Scholar. He has filed patent and to scale up and commercialize a pyrolysis platform technology. These prototypes are currently used by waste operators for energy conversion and waste to wealth applications.